IMPERATIVE (Go, Don't go)
1- These are imperatives: Bunlar emir cümleleridir.
Go. Help. Come. Wait.
We use the imperatives like this: Emir cümlerini bu şekilde kullanırız:
Come in! Have a cup of tea.
Turn left at the post office.
Don't touch! It's hot.
Note that sometimes the imperatives are one word, but often we give more information:
Dikkat ediniz emir cümleleri bazen tek bir kelimedir fakat genelde biz daha fazla bilgi veririz.
Help me with my suitcase.
We can say please after an imperative to be more polite:
Daha nazik olmak için emir cümlerinin sonunda Please kullanırız.
Help me with my suitcase, please.
Hurry up, please. We're late.
Come here, please.
Listen to me, please.
2- We use Do not or Don't like this: Olumsuz emir cümlelerini bu şekilde kullanırız.
Don't be late.
Don't forget your books!
Don't wait for me.
We normally use the short form Don't
3- We use the imperative: Emir cümlerini kullanırız:
to give instructions: Talimatlar vermek için
Turn right at he corner.
Don't forget your passport.
to give warnings: Uyarılar vermek için
Look out! There's a car coming.
Be careful! That box is too heavy.
To give advice: Öğüt vermek için
Have a rest. You look tired.
Take a coat. It's cold today.
Don't see that film. It's terrible!
to ask people to do things: İnsanlardan birşey yapmalarını istemek için
Come in please, and sit down.
Listen to this song. It's wonderful.
Pass the butter, please.
to make offers: Teklifler yapmak için
Have another orange juice.
Make yourself a cup of coffee.
to 'wish' things: Birşeyler dilemek için
Have a good trip!
Have a nice holiday!
A. Test. Boşluğa hangi emir cümleri gelmelidir?
B- Steven is writing a letter to a friend. Find the suitable verbs.
20, Sea Parade
0 and see me next weekend. I'm staying in a house by the sea. Don't 1 to bring your swimming trunks with you! It isn't difficult to find the house. When you get to the crossroads in the town, 2 right and drive to the end of the road.
3 careful because it is a dangerous road!
4 some warm clothes with you because it is cold in the evenings here. If I am not at home when you arrive, don't
5 for me. The key to the house is under the big white stone in the garden.
6 the front door and
7 yourself a cup of tea in the kitchen!
8 a good journey!
B: 1- forget
2- turn ,
3- be ,
5- wait ,
6- open ,
7- make ,
8- have ,